The Arctic is often referred to as the bellwether of global climate change. According to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment and the most recent assessment from IPCC, the warming rate is twice that of the global average, with predictions of further increases leading to substantial loss of Arctic sea ice and large-scale thawing of the permafrost. The Arctic has also been a bellwether for the impact of long-range transboundary air pollution, both regarding human health and how pollutants affect wildlife. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and heavy metals (e.g. mercury) are transported long distances through air and water, are deposited in the Arctic and bioaccumulate through the food chain. Some indigenous peoples have a high exposure to these pollutants, primarily through their diet.
Though the people living in the Arctic and the ecosystems that sustain them are enduring the initial brunt of these environmental impacts, the region itself contributes little to the causes of climate change and production of pollutants.
In recognition of this inequity, the EU Arctic Footprint and Policy Assessment Project (EU Arctic Footprint) is a first attempt at calculating Europe’s contribution to the impact on the Arctic environment and inhabitants. At the same time, the project also examines the effectiveness of EU policies in mitigating Arctic impacts. Both of these assessments will be considered in relation to possible future scenarios. The overall goal is to improve the effectiveness of EU environmental policies with respect to the Arctic region, especially as relates to the implementation of existing policies and a new Arctic Policy for the EU.
The EU Arctic Footprint Project aims to share findings with policymakers and key Arctic stakeholders and experts. A stakeholder workshop held in month four of the project will facilitate scenario development and gather expert feedback on preliminary results. A second and final meeting towards the end of the 12-month project will gather expert feedback on final results and disseminate findings to a broader audience. In addition, this website will also serve as a forum for the distribution of results and a collection point for feedback.
Arctic Footprint is funded by the European Commission (DG Environment) and is being led by four institutes: Ecologic Institute (Germany; Project Co-ordinator), Arctic Centre (Finland), Stockholm Environment Institute (Sweden), and Sustainable Europe Research Institute (Austria).
- ACIA, 2005. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, 1042p. http://www.acia.uaf.edu
- AMAP, 2009. AMAP Assessment 2009: Human Health in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. xiv+256 pp.
- Downie, David L. And Fenge, Terry. Northern Lights against POPs. Montreal Kingston_ McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.
- IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 104 pp.